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Made with love.  Based on science.

Pilates 4 Parkinson's strives to provide comprehensive and authentic information about Pilates movement for Parkinson's disease.  As the Pilates Method evolves in diversity and application, so too does the research and understanding of Parkinson's disease.  Until there is a cure, and well afterwards, P4P is committed to delivering quality and efficacious programming based on the latest research to improve the quality of life for those on the PD journey.


Some links active for your convenience.

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author. 

  2. Appell, I. P. C., Pérez, V. R., de Maio Nascimento, M., & Appell, H. J. C. (2012).  The Pilates Method to improve body balance in the elderly.  Arch Exerc Health Dis, 3(3), 188-193. Doi: 10.5628/aehd.v3.i3.126

  3. Ashkog, J. E. (2018). Aerobic exercise: Evidence for a direct brain effect to slow Parkinson disease progression.  Mayo Clin Proc, 93(3), 360-372.

  4. Bakhshayesh, B., Sayyar, S., & Daneshmandi, H. (2017). Pilates exercise and functional balance in Parkinson’s disease.  Caspian J Neurol Sci, 3(8), 25-38.

  5. Cancela, J. M., Cardalda, I. M., Ayán, C., & Oliveira, I. M. D. (2018). Feasibility and efficacy of mat Pilates on people with mild-to-moderate Parkinson’s disease:  A preliminary study.  Rejuvenation Research, 21(2), 109-116.  doi: 10.1089/rej.2017.1969

  6. Ćwiękała-Lewis, K. J., Gallek, M., & Taylor-Piliae, R. E. (2017). The effects of Tai Chi on physical function and well-being among persons with Parkinson’s Disease: A systematic review. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies, 21(2), 414–421.

  7. Cram, D. L., Schechter, S. H., & Xiao-Ke, G.  (2013). Understanding Parkinson’s disease:  A self-help guide (3rd ed.). Addicus Books, Inc.

  8. Dingman M. (2017).  [Neuroscientifically Challenged].   2017, July 7.  Know your brain: Telencephalon [Video].  

  9. Gopal Nambi, S., Trivedi, P. S., Momin, S. M., Patel, S. H., & Pancholi, D. P.  (2014).  Comparative effect of Pilates and Feldenkrais intervention on functional balance and quality of life in ambulatory geriatric population:  A randomized controlled study.  International Journal of Health Sciences and Research (IJHSR), 4(3), 71-7.

  10. Frazzitta, G., Balbi, P., Maestri, R., Bertotti, G., Boveri, N., & Pezzoli, G. (2013). The beneficial effects of role of intensive exercise on Parkinson’s Disease progression. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation/Association of Academic Physiatrists 92(6).doi: 10.1097/PHM.0b013e31828cd254

  11. Intent Multimedia, Timothy Agnew Kinesiologist. (2020). Parkinson's and the (often) missing focus of treatment.

  12. Isaias, I.U., Volkmann, J., Marzegan, A., Marotta, G., Cavallari, P., & Pezzoli, G. (2012). The influence of dopaminergic striatal innervation on upper limb locomotor synergies. PLoS ONE 7(12): e51464. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051464

  13. Larkham, E. (2017). Fascia in motion: Fascia focused movement for Pilates.  Handspring.

  14. Martin, S. (2018). Spinal asymmetry and scoliosis: Movement and function solutions for the spine , ribcage and pelvis.  Handspring.

  15. Masterson, J. (2015).  The role of emotion, vision and touch in movement learning neuroplasticity and the mirror neuron system.  Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry, 3(5), 00149.

  16. Mischley, L. K., Lau, R. C., &  Bennett, R. D. (2017). Role of diet and nutritional supplements in Parkinson’s disease progression.  Hindawi, 6405278, 1-9.

  17. Petzinger, G. M., Fisher, B. E., McEwen, S., Beeler, J. A., Walsh, J. P., & Jakowec, M. W.  (2013). Exercise-enhanced neuroplasticity targeting motor and cognitive circuitry in Parkinson's disease. The Lancet. Neurology, 12(7), 716–726. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70123-6

  18. Ramazzina, I., Bernazzoli, B., & Costantino, C. (2017). Systematic review on strength training in Parkinson's disease: An unsolved question.  Clinical Interventions in Aging, 12, 619-628.

  19. Rigby, B. R., Davis, R. W., Avalos, M. A., Levine, N. A., Becker, K. A., & Nichols, D. L.(2018).  Acute Cardiometabolic Responses to Three Modes of Treadmill Exercise in Older  Adults With Parkinson’s Disease. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 35(4), 424–436.

  20. Rosenthal, L. S., & Dorsey, E. R. (2013). The benefits of exercise in Parkinson  disease. JAMA  Neurology, 70(2), 156–157. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.772

  21. Santos, L., Fernandez-Rio, J., Winge, K., Barragán-Pérez, B., González-Gómez, L., Rodríguez-Pérez, V., González-Díez, V., Lucía, A., Iglesias-Soler, E., Dopico-Calvo, X., Fernández-del-Olmo, M., del-Valle, M., Blanco-Traba, M., Suman, O. E., & Rodríguez-Gómez, J.  (2017).  Effects of progressive resistance exercise in akinetic-rigid Parkinson’s disease patients:  A randomized controlled trial.  European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitative Medicine, 53(5), 651-663.

  22. Shu, H-F., Yang, T., Yu, S-X., Huang, H-D., Jiang, LO-L., Gu, J-W., Kuang, Y-Q. (2014). Aerobic exercise for Parkinson’s disease:  AQ systematic review and meta-analysis of  randomized controlled trials.  PLOS One, 9(7), 1-9.

  23. Van der Kolk, N. M., de Vries, N. M., Kessels, R. P. C., Joosten, H., Zwinderman, A. H., Post, B., & Bloem, B. R. (2019).  Effectiveness of home-based and remotely supervised aerobic exercise in Parkinson’s disease:  A double-blind, randomized controlled trial.  Lancet Neurology, 18(11), 998-1008. 

  24. Vucolova, L. (2016). Restoration of tensegrity-equilibrium can lead to beneficial modification of Parkinson Disease’s motor symptoms.  [presentation]. CAMS.

  25. Westheimer, O. (2008). Why dance for Parkinson’s disease. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 24(2), 127–140.

  26. Wilson, T. L. (2018). Rock steady boxing: Fighting Parkinson’s disease one counter punch at a time! Palaestra, 32(1), 46–51.

  27. Włodarek, D. (2019). Role of Ketogenic diets in neurodegenerative diseases (Alzheimer’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease). Nutrients, 11, 169.

Please contact us to suggest any corrections to our content, and please provide your reference data.  We also welcome feedback and constructive input that is science based.  

Much gratitude and appreciation to those who supported this project.  Thank you for your support in promoting Pilates 4 Parkinson's and the Pilates Method as a powerful and efficacious, non-pharmacological treatment to enhance quality of life, while living with Parkinson's disease.

Helena Duffaut

Mike & Tessie Pulido

Dr. Veronica Pulido

Dr. Therese Walsh van Keuren

Lolita San Miguel

Dr. Marianne Neilsen

Dr. Robert Schleip

Dr. Peter Lin

Dr. Suzanne Martin

Bryce Turner

Pam Oki

Athira Das

Robert Wyman

Pamela Alvarado

Anthony del Real

James Arballo

Veronica Vitale

Devi Blye

Karl Sterling

Laura Gideon

Meghann Koppele Duffy

Charles Rodriguez

Carl Cornell

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